There is a bug in Boost.Threads 1.35 (tracked as
#1803) -- basically,
condition::notify_one may fail to wake-up a thread. It is fixed on the
trunk (r44150 -- thanks Anthony
Williams for the quick fix).
The bug might not sound that serious, however, it can have serious
consequences: I have a thread-pool class which uses it, and because of
this bug sometimes a new job didn't get scheduled properly as all
threads were waiting, and a thread remained sleeping although there was
a job with no assigned thread. The good thing is that this thread-pool
has been already tested with a different condition implementation before
(my own ;) ) and it was also prototyped with Python to check for
algorithmic mistakes, so I could quickly track it down to be a Boost
issue (first time I found a new bug in Boost, and a quite tricky one
even). Anyway, before using Boost.Thread in production applications, you
might be better off waiting for 1.35.1 or 1.36. Besides this bug, the
library seems to work perfectly, couldn't find any other problem.
[Update] Has been fixed in Boost 1.36.